Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Program

 

We at RACIDA believe that access to WASH, in particular safe water, adequate sanitation, and proper hygiene education, can reduce illness and death, and also impact poverty reduction and socio-economic development.

Water
663 million people worldwide live without access to safe water. This is more than a statistic; this is a daily reality. 1 child dies every 90seconds because of a diarrheal disease caused by contaminated water and poor sanitation. This is more than HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined. $260 Billion annually of total global economic losses associated with inadequate water supply and sanitation.

Lack of access to water is the harsh reality for millions worldwide, and an equally unfortunate 2.4 billion people live without access to adequate sanitation. Every day, millions of women and girls walk for miles on end just to fetch and carry water, creating a cycle of inequality. The daily pressure of these factors make it impossible to develop one’s full potential or even dream of a better life.
Water-related illness has been estimated to cause the loss of 443 million school days each year, the equivalent of 615,000 kids missing all 4 years of high school.

RACIDA enhances access to clean and portable water to households and their livestock by promoting rain water harvesting technologies to adapt to climate change through the establishment of underground water harvesting tanks. Also through drilling of boreholes, rehabilitation and improvement of water pans and shallow wells.

Sanitation
Sanitation is the intervention to reduce human exposure to disease by providing a clean environment which is done by provision of toilets. 946 million people go in the open, known as “open defecation”. While progress has been made to improve access to sanitation in some parts of the world, millions of people in poor and rural areas have been left behind. Currently, 1 in 7 people, of 946 million people, practice open defecation. Of those who do, 9 out of 10 live in rural areas.

Open defecation is when people go out in fields, forests, open bodies of water, or other open spaces rather than using a toilet. It is incredibly dangerous, as contact with human waste can cause diseases such as cholera, typhoid, hepatitis, polio, diarrhea, worm infestation and under nutrition.

One of the biggest challenges to ending open defecation is not just providing clean and safe toilets, but changing the behavior of entire communities. RACIDA is work on ending open defecation through awareness creation, sharing information and spurring behavior change in an effort to bridge the gap between building toilets and their proper use.

Worldwide, there are more people who own cell phones than have access to toilets.

Hygiene
RACIDA aims at empowering communities on good hygiene practices like hand washing after going to the toilet and before any contact with food, especially for children to prevent disease. Something as simple as handwashing can save lives. Washing hands with soap at critical times, like after going to the toilet or before eating, can have a significant impact on children’s health.

Good hygiene practices reduce the incidence of diseases such as pneumonia, trachoma, scabies, skin and eye infections and diarrhea-related diseases like cholera and dysentery. Research shows that regular handwashing with soap can reduce the number of incidents of diarrhea, a disease which can be deadly for children, by around 50 percent.

The key to improving hygiene practices is to promote behavioral change within schools and communities. RACIDA leads a number of campaigns aimed at motivating, informing and educating communities in the arid and semi-arid areas about good hygiene practices.

Keeping animals at distance from the household and particularly the kitchen of a family, as well as disposing rubbish in safe place are other important hygiene messages in order to avoid contamination.

Education and communication are important components of a promoting hygiene, however education alone does not necessarily result in improved practices. Promoting behavior change is a gradual process that involves working closely with communities, studying existing beliefs, defining motivation strategies, designing appropriate communication tools and finally, encouraging practical steps towards positive practices.