The definition of food security is when everyone has at all times access to and control over sufficient quantities of good quality food for an active healthy life.
According to world health organization,
“Food security means that:
all people at all times have both physical and economic access to enough food for an active, healthy life;
the ways in which food is produced and distributed are respectful of the natural processes of the earth and thus sustainable;
both the consumption and production of food are governed by social values that are just and equitable as well as moral and ethical;
the ability to acquire food is ensured;
the food itself is nutritionally adequate and personally and culturally acceptable;
and the food is obtained in a manner that upholds human dignity.”
The main aim of this intervention is to build the resilience of the target communities to drought, climate change and other disasters as well as improve the livelihoods of these communities to become more secure and self-reliant by diversifying their livelihoods and empowering them through opening up opportunities. Therefore RACIDA provides the communities with a systematic approach to identifying assessing and reducing the disaster risks.
Food security, or rather insecurity, is at the heart of food crises and food-related emergencies. It is an underlying cause of malnutrition and mortality and a significant factor in longer-term livelihood security. Food insecurity may cause irreparable damage to livelihoods, thereby reducing self-sufficiency. It is therefore part of the process leading to malnutrition, morbidity and mortality. In addition, the state of being food insecure directly contributes to destitution and damaged livelihoods in the long term. In other words, if there is acute food insecurity, there is a nutritional risk.
Food Security & Livelihoods Facts
- Micronutrient deficiency affects 2 billion people – over 25% of the global population – making them susceptible to long-term, irreversible health effects, as well as having damaging socio-economic consequences.
- If women farmers had the same access to productive resources as men, it could reduce the number of hungry people in the world by up to 17% due to increased crop yields.
- Although the global target of reducing poverty (the number of people living on less than $1.25 per day) by half from the 1990 level of 36% to 18% was achieved in 2010, the number of people living in extreme poverty in sub-Saharan Africa increased from 290 million to 414 million in the same period.
RACIDA’s food Security and livelihoods program also incorporates a wide collection of activities customized to meet a community’s specific needs that are designed to bolster agricultural production, jumpstart local markets, support micro-enterprise initiatives and enhance vulnerable communities’ access to sustainable sources of food and income security.